Gout is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. This condition is characterized by symptoms like sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, and redness in one or more joints or in the toe. Redness in the big toe of any leg is the most widely reported symptom of this disease. The root cause of this condition lies in the accumulation of uric acid in the body, resulting in the formation of crystals in joints and leading to inflammation. This article is intended to provide insights into the symptoms and causes of gout. It is important for everyone to have a basic understanding of this illness as it affects a large number of people across the globe.
The most commonly reported symptom of gout is sudden and severe pain. There can also be other symptoms accompanying it, like:
- Joint pain that comes on suddenly and strongly, typically at night.
- The joint is swollen and red.
- Joint warmth and sensitivity.
- An affected joint’s range of motion is restricted.
- Hard, white, or yellow crystal-like deposits in the form of patches under the skin.
The duration of the symptoms ranges from a few days to a few weeks. Gout sufferers can have persistent joint discomfort and damage, which can cause abnormalities in the joints and decreased mobility.
As stated earlier, the root cause of gout is the accumulation of a high amount of uric acid in the body. This can be the result of a wide variety of reasons, such as:
- Diet: Purine-rich foods, such as red meat, seafood, and alcohol, can raise the body’s uric acid levels.
- Genetics: Some people may be more genetically predisposed to getting gout.
- Medical problems: Diabetes, hypertension, and kidney illness are a few factors that can make you more likely to get gout.
- Medication: Some drugs, including aspirin and diuretics, can raise the body’s uric acid levels.
Prevention And Treatment
To reduce the likelihood of future gout attacks, doctors usually prescribe medications as well as lifestyle changes. Some of the steps that can help you avoid gout, according to various health sources, are:
- Being healthy in terms of weight
- Consuming a balanced diet that is high in fiber and low in purines
- Drinking adequate amounts of water
- Staying away from booze and sugary drinks
- Using drugs during gout bouts to control pain and inflammation
Severe cases of gout are handled by doctors by prescribing NSAIDs and medications to reduce the level of uric acid in the body, like allopurinol and probenecid.