Gout is inflammatory arthritis caused due to excess uric acid in the blood, which can result in kidney dysfunction, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and many more. A person who is having gout may experience pain and inflammation in joints. This is because the excess uric acid gets deposited into joints.
It requires medical attention and can be cured fully or partially.
What Are The Symptoms Of Gout?
There are several symptoms seen in gout. Most of the symptoms are common to other arthritis. They include pain in the ankles, knees, and fingers, especially on the big toe. Once you feel the pain in your joints, it is likely to get severe after about 12 hours.
A person who has gout may experience inflammation, redness, and difficulty moving. It can become more serious day by day and you may not be able to move your joints normally.
What Are The Risk Factors?
Factors like age, sex, and family history can be responsible for gout. Being overweight leads to an increase in the level of uric acid and worsens the symptoms of gout. Other factors such as consumption of alcohol, sweet beverages, red meat, and even some medication can subsequently increase the chance of having this condition. Medicines that are used to control blood pressure or hypertension can increase the chance of developing gout.
What Are The Treatment And Diagnosis Available For Gout?
Treatment mainly consists of two parts, self-care and anti-inflammatory treatment.
A healthy lifestyle and some home remedies can prevent gout to some extent. It includes regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight. Always choose limited alcoholic beverages that are healthy and avoid foods that have high in purines such as red meat, liver, seafood, etc.
Certain drugs are provided to control the production of uric acid in your blood and help to reduce pain and inflammation. The type of medication depends on the frequency of your symptoms.
Medications Used To Control Gout
Different types of medications are used to control the symptoms of gout. Some of the types are:
Colchicine And Corticosteriods
Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory drug that helps to reduce pain and inflammations caused by gout. But they have certain side effects like nausea, diarrhea, or even vomiting.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the most effective drugs available for gout. It is available as topical gel and tablets. As per studies, it is considered the safest drug as compared to other drugs, for short term use.